The Stans Part I – Kazakhstan

You’ve heard of the ‘stans, even if you don’t realize it. They are quickly becoming the new backpacker circuit in Central Asia, offering great off-road touring, expansive nature, and that slight twinge of discomfort in not knowing how safe really things are, which the more adventurous travelers just can’t get enough of. So here’s your four-part quick guide on the ‘stans, starting with Kazakhstan.

Photo credit - Martijn Munneke

Photo credit - Martijn Munneke

Photo credit - upyernoz

Photo credit - upyernoz

A Russian Legacy

Kazakhstan is the largest of the ‘stans and the world’s nine largest country, bordering on Russia which is just to the north. This part of Asia was under the Soviet Union’s control until 1991, and the communist legacy has left an indelible impression on the country. At first glance, the empty rusting ships that sit on the Aral Sea look like the poor victims of global warming, or perhaps the oddly placed film set. However, it was the Russians who diverted rivers away from this massive lake to irrigate cotton fields. It is a must-see.

Then there is the ever-present radioactive threat from former Soviet nuclear dumps; many villages are death traps where radiation levels are thousands of times higher than safe. Similar to the Aral Sea, across the country entire villages laid empty and abandoned, left to rot.

Photo credit - Irene2005

Photo credit - Irene2005

Photo credit - Colleen Taugher

Photo credit - Colleen Taugher

Almaty Joy

Almaty is the largest city in Kazakhstan and its former capital. It is a popular stop with tourists and expats because of the great urban vibe yet snow-capped mountains within eyesight on a clear day. Some of the best views are from Koktobe , which can be reached by cable car.

You cannot tour the presidential palace in Almaty, but the architecture is worth a visit. Across the street is the National Museum, which has explores Kazahk history. But when you’re finished, it is market time. Barakholka in the northwest section of town is famous for bargain discounts on knock-off products; it is busiest on weekends, especially Sunday, the perfect opportunity for people-watching. Zelyony Bazaar is another loud, crazy place where you can find great spices to take back as souvenirs.

For getting out of town, be sure to check out the Turgen Gorge, famous for its waterfalls. There are several walking trails through the forests as well as hot springs. There is so much near Almaty, hence why it makes such a great tourist base.

Photo credit - livepine

Photo credit - livepine

Photo credit - Dan..

Photo credit - Dan..

Tian Shan Mountains

It seems like most tourists I know who visit Kazakhstan head for the Tian Shan mountains. But why not – its exactly what many countries don’t have: endless miles of desolate mother nature, waiting to be explored and show off its hidden gems. Big Almaty Lake is must-see for sure – the blue of the lake is unreal. But what about the Tian Shan Astronomical Observatory? Better see it while you can – with a lack of funding, its future remains unclear. Or the Alma Arasan ski resort? Or the Kosmostantsia meteorological research center? As if another world, the Tian Shan feels like its stuck in another time. Just read this Tian Shan experience for what a preview of what these mountains are like.

If You Go

Nearly all visitors require a visa to enter Kazakhstan. However, many readers will be eligible for a simple application procedure which will grant you a tourist visa you can obtain at any Kazakhstan diplomatic mission. For details and the application, visit the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan website.

Most will find the people of this country warm and friendly as hospitality is part of the Kazakh culture; the biggest problem is a corrupt police force. Be sure to always have your paperwork on hand in case you are asked for it.

Given the size of the country, you’ll likely make heavy use of local transport. Trains and buses are the most common and most economical; you can also use air transport for a few key routes (planes are new and safe), and within cities using local taxis are cheap and fairly easy.

Enjoyed this article? Check out our other travel inspirations to Central Asia – Backpacking in EgyptBeach Fun in IsraelMiddle Eastern Cuisine

Unearthing Asia now offers travel packages throughout the region of Asia. Check out our promotional offers of Luxury Private Villas in Bali, perfect for Honeymooners or those looking for a little romance. We also have great offers for hotels in Singapore, resorts in Phuket and many more.

About the Author. Andy Hayes. Andy Hayes is a freelance travel writer and photographer based in Edinburgh, Scotland. When not crossing the world to have his next Asian travel adventures, he is hitting the walking trails near home. To get in touch or see Andy’s other travelogues, visit his website, Sharing Travel Experiences.


5 Comments on "The Stans Part I – Kazakhstan"

  1. Sisca on Fri, 14th Oct 2011 7:53 am 

    I should put Kazakhstan on travel’s list :)

  2. billy on Wed, 18th Apr 2012 6:50 pm 

    this is a great and powerful link. i love the pretty colors. and i rub my belly every time i see that airplane is the bottom corninger

  3. Saule on Fri, 4th May 2012 11:03 am 

    The name of the ski resort is Shymbulak, not Alma Arasan. And it is 30 min drive from the center of Almaty. btw: i am from kazakhstan, Almaty. In fact Almaty region has plenty of beautiful places to visit, i.e. Charyn canyon ( looks similar to Grand canyon, but smaller), plenty of lakes and waterfalls, within 1 hour you can get from snowy mountain right to a sandy desert.

  4. singapore Spa Guide on Thu, 18th Sep 2014 11:25 am 

    Hi my loved one! I want to say that this article
    is awesome, nice written and include almost all significant infos.
    I’d like to peer more posts like this .

    Look into my blog … singapore Spa Guide

  5. tianshan on Sun, 3rd Jan 2016 8:07 am 

    Xinjiang Tianshan comprises fߋur components—Tomur, Kalajun-Kuerdening, Bayinbukuke and Bogda— thаt
    total 606,833 hectares. Ꭲhey ɑге ρart
    օf tҺᥱ Tianshan mountain ѕystem ⲟf Central Asia, οne of tһᥱ largest moyntain ranges іn tɦᥱ ᴡorld.
    Xinjiang Tianshan рresents unique physical geographic features ɑnd scenically beautiful аreas
    including spectacular snow and snowy mountains glacier-capped peaks, undisturbed forests and meadows, ϲlear rivers аnd
    lakes аnd red bed canyons. Ƭhese landscapes contrast ᴡith thе vast adjacent desert landscapes, creating ɑ striking visual contrast Ƅetween hot andd cold environments,
    dry аnd wet, desolate ɑnd luxuriant. ΤҺe landforms and ecosystems ⲟf tҺᥱ site һave besn presetved ѕince thᥱ Pliocene
    epoch and ⲣresent an outstanjding example οf
    ongoing biological ɑnd ecological evolutionary processes.
    ТҺе site allso extends into tһe Taklimakan Desert, օne оf thе world’ѕ
    largest and һighest deserts, қnown fоr itѕ large dune forms аnd great dust storms.
    Xinjiang Tianshan іѕ moreover an іmportant habitat fоr endemic
    and relic flora species, ѕome rare and endangered.

Tell us what you're thinking...
and oh, if you want a pic to show with your comment, go get a gravatar!