While neighboring Greece has its beautiful beaches, wonderful sunsets, and ancient ruins, the country of Turkey has its awe-inspiring natural landscape formations, a colorful and lively culture, and an eclectic mix of the Greek, Roman, and Ottoman structures. An all inclusive holidays to Turkey vacation boasts diversity when it comes to tourist attractions and holiday destinations and if you are looking for a vacation full of adventure and fun, it’s the place to be.
If you are looking for an Indiana Jones type of adventure then the site of one of the greatest wars in ancient literature must be your first stop in Turkey. Once thought to be a mythical place, the archaeological site of Troy that was excavated in 1865 is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Due to the many civilization and empires that took over Turkey in ancient times, Troy has a number of archaeological layers. The layer named Troy VII is, based on findings of several scientific studies, identified to have been the city that inspired Homer’s Troy.
Leave those fancy shoes at your hotel room and put on your hiking shoes. Cappadocia, after all, is nothing if not for its exceptional natural rock formations. An ancient region of Anatolia in Turkey, Cappadocia is famous for beautiful conical rock formations called fairy chimneys, its troglodyte dwellings, and its underground cities. When you are in the midst of all these, it truly feels like you’re in another planet or you’ve gone back thousands of years back in time. Additionally, if your feet get too tired of exploring yet you still couldn’t get enough of the landscape, you can always see everything from above in a hot air balloon.
Nature has bestowed upon this town in the western part of Turkey. It features breathtaking petrified calcium terraces with pools of hot springs that people can bathe in. These calcium terraces called travertines are truly a natural wonder that is worth a visit. Smaller, underground versions of the travertines are the Kaklik caves, which are a good 30 minutes away. Closer to town is another natural wonder, the hot mineral waters of Karahayit whose autumnal colors are a sight to behold. If you are looking to take a break from your adventurous vacation, head to Pamukkale. The town also boasts some historical sites like the larger than life Roman amphitheater of Hierapolis and the biblical location of Laodikya.
The city of Istanbul is probably the most vibrant and the liveliest city in the world when it comes to its people, its culture, its history, and its architecture. Here, you will see the best testament of the empires that ruled Turkey. Evidences of the Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman civilizations are found all over Istanbul and their magnificent architectures beautifully decorate the city’s night skyline like Christmas lights. Take a day or two to learn about Istanbul’s history through its basilicas, churches, mosques, castles, and palaces and don’t forget visit Dolmabahçe Palace’s world-famous double horseshoe staircase made of Baccarat crystal.
There are still plenty of places to discovery in Turkey like the ancient city of Ephesus, once the site of the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; the Sumela monastery, which is hanging on the face of a really tall cliff; and the ancient city of Pergamon, once the site of the Altar of Zeus. Turkey is truly the place to go if you are looking for an adventure away from home.
To many foreigners, Turkey is synonymous with beautiful carpeted hallways of grandiose halls, with mesmerizing carvings and handcrafted decorations adorning the walls. It brings to mind the tale of a storyteller princess who fascinated her tyrannic monarch with her tales, night after night, for the whole a thousand and one nights.
With Turkey’s expansive space and its varied tourist attractions, you would be similarly fascinated with this welcoming country. In no time, you’ll find yourself admiring the various attractions that dots the country.
Cappadocia – Volcanic Rocks
The majority of Turkey is located at Anatolia, or Asia Minor. In this region, you will find Ankara, the Capital of Turkey, as well as several others hotspots for travelers. Cappadocia is a popular spot for those wanting to enjoy the beauty of Anatolia from hot air balloons and famed as well for its uniquely fascinating scenery. Imagine an expansive space carved out of eroded rocks of all sizes dotting the desert sand, from smaller stones to gigantic mountains with holes perfect for enjoying a beautiful view.
Formed from the results of volcanic dust and lava erosion, this desert space is often compared with the landscape of moon.
One of the popular attraction is the various caves on these volcanic rocks that were used as houses and churches in the past. These caves were built by carving out the softer rocks from the large mountains, and even now some of the caves are still occupied. For those wanting to experience the lifestyle of a cave-man, there are even accommodations that lets you stay in these caves, but with the modern amenities of a 5-star hotel!
Pamukkale (Hireapolis) – Roman Hot Springs
One of the historical sites of Roman period that you can find here in Turkey is the hot-springs in Pamukkale. Previously called Hierapolis, this site has been famed for its numerous spas and hot-springs even from way back during the Roman period! Combine this with the amazing sights of steep tall cliffs towering around the area as you enjoy a warm bath – a very relaxing experience guaranteed to refresh and recharge you for the next journey of your trip.
Pamukkale means “cotton castle” in Turkish, aptly describing the dazzling white calcareous castles formed by limestone-laden thermal springs. It creates an unbelievable formation of stalactites, potholes and cataracts. The water of Pamukkale is famous for its benefits to the eyes and skin; and its curing properties to the ills of asthma, rheumatism, as well.
Istanbul – Two Cultures Collide
Another half of Turkey, called Thrace, lies in the European continent and in it you’ll find Istanbul.
As the largest city in Turkey, Istanbul boasts an expansive pier able to accommodate all kinds of cruise-ships and sail boats, various historical sites from the Roman and Ottoman regime, and it is surrounded by a beautiful ocean popular for sailing across towards Anatolia.
Located strategically near the Bosphorus Bay and Marmara Ocean, Istanbul is a popular site for travelers who can’t afford too much time in Turkey.
This geographic advantage makes it a site often fought for in the centuries of old, and the Roman and Ottoman empire were but two of the many empires who had conquered it before. The varied influences of these two empires gives Istanbul its rich historical and cultural uniqueness.
In Istanbul, you will find a number of Roman churches that were converted to mosques during the Ottoman regime. These classical architectures share tales of blood and war, fought for centuries between two of the most established religions in the world. Hagia Sophia, or Ayasoyfa in Turkish, is one of those sites. Now, it is renovated and rebuilt as a museum showcasing both its Christianity and Muslim influences.
As the largest city in Turkey, Istanbul also boasts a wide and complete array of attractions, accommodations and amenities available in other metropolitan cities of the world.
Topkapi Palace – the Sultans’ home, – and the famed Blue Mosque, are two of the varied attractions that you may want to check out. There is also the Basilica (the underwater palace), which acts as a gigantic water storage from back when Istanbul was still called Constantinople. This huge palace is able to contain 100,000 tones of water! Interestingly, it acted not only as a water storage, but there is also an impressive underground palace built there, adorned with 336 pillars from all over Europe.
Those out to find a good bargain would find themselves exhausted by the titanic array of choices at the Grand Bazaar (Kapali Carsi in Turkish), which was said to contain more than 4000 kiosks. All kinds of merchandises, from carpets to handcrafted items, decorations and antiques can be found here. Be warned however, that the place is closed on Sundays.
Finally, there is also the beautiful Istanbul beach and ocean. Enjoy al-fresco dining at the various sea-side restaurants dotting the coastal walkway. Swim at the beach, or charter a boat ride out and experience the ocean air. Truly, Turkey is a place of many fascinating attractions and sights.